German and captured armored trains in World War II.
At the beginning of the 1930s it was known that the end of armoured trains was coming. It was caused by development of artillery, especially of improvement of its accuracy, and dynamic development of aviation. An airplane became “a killer” of an armoured train not only because the train which could not maneuver was a big and thereby easy target but also because airplane was able to destroy tracks and railway junctions so that to paralyze rail traffic for a long time. The armoured train completely lost his battle with planes and its tasks were taken over by armoured cars and a self-propelled guns. Despite those changes which were happening at the moment of outbreak of World War II armoured trains were in arsenals of many armies including German one. Germans being aware of the lack of armoured trains limited their tasks to actions clearly defensive such as defense against other trains, supervising railway tracks, anti-partisan operations, defense of railway stations and transports, limited artillery support of armies and reconnaissance. Most of German armoured trains were improvised and to a great extent captured Czechoslovakian, Polish or Soviet trains were used.