Hotchkiss H-35 or Char léger modèle 1935 H was a French light tank developed prior to World War II.
In the early 30’s of XX century French general headquarters decided to introduce new tanks to support infantry and cavalry. In 1934 tank Hotchkiss H-35 designed as a vehicle supporting cavalry units. He was unified with the designed at the same time infantry support tank Renault R-35. Both tanks have slightly different shape of the hull and equipment. Tank crew was consisted of two people: the driver was sitting in the hull, and the commander in the turret. It was the biggest drawback of this vehicle, because the commander had to simultaneously operate the cannon and coupled with it machine gun and conduct observations of the battlefield and issue orders. Tank Hotchkiss H-38 was further developed version of tank H-35, was equipped with a more powerful engine with 120hp and a thickened armor. In 1939 was introduced to model Hotchkiss H-39, which has reinforced armor and changed the main armament.
The German army after the defeat of France won the 600 tanks of the H-35 family, which after renovate and modernize the weapons were adopted as a Panzerkampfwagen 35H 734(f). Some vehicles have been converted into self-propelled guns with 105mm howitzers and 75 mm guns, 11 vehicles were armed with missile launchers 280 or 320 mm.
Armour: 40mm, main armament: 37 mm SA18 gun. Production: ~1200 tanks.
- Panzer Tracts No. 19-1: Beute-Panzerkampfwagen Czech, Polish and French Tanks Captured from 1939 to 1940 – Thomas L. Jentz and Werner Regenberg
- Les véhicules blindés français 1900-1944 – Touzin Pierre (french)