Blohm & Voss BV 222 “Wiking” was a large, six-engined German flying boat of World War II.
Total production: 13.
Deutsche Luft Hansa ordered three of the large BV 222 boats in 1937 for use on the North and South Atlantic. The prototype V1 D-ANTE was civil, but after initial flight trials was modified into a freight transport for the Luftwaffe. There followed nine further aircraft, no two alike. V9 also being the first of four production 222C-0 transports with Junkers Jumo 207 C engines and improved armament (including unusual wing-mounted turrets), as well as FuG 200 Hohentwiel radar and FuG 216 rear warning. Only 13 Wikings were flown, and decision to drop the diesels led to a switch to the BMW Bramo 323 R Fafnir, used in the majority of the prototypes. from No 20. which with 14-19 were almost complete From 1941 the Wikings shuttled from northern Norway to Africa bringing urgent stores. Despite their improving equipment, nearly all were shot down or destroyed at their moorings, but four survived to 1945.
Wiking was the largest flying-boat to see service during the war.
Wings: high-wing cantilever monoplane. All-metal structure with a single tubular spar. The spar was sub-divided to contain six fuel tanks. Wing spar measuring 1,45 m (4 ft. 9 in.) in diameter. A passage inside the wing gives access to the engines in flight. Electric de-icing equipment.
Hull: all-metal two step hull covered with corrosion-resisting alloy sheet varying the thickenss from 3 to 5 mm. It was divided into two sections, the lower for passengers or cargo and the upper for the flight crew. The all-metal wing tip stabilising floats are split, vertically, each half retracting outwardly flush with the underside of the wing. Electric retraction.
Tail: cantilever monoplane type. High tapering single fin with tailplane mounted slightly above the top line of tho hull. The rudder was operated by two interconnected tabs driven by the main circuit. All-metal structure.
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- Adam Thompson: Seeflieger – Luftwaffe Maritime Aircraft and Units 1935-1945, Luftwaffe Colours
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